Recently, the three departments of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the State Organs Affairs Administration and the National Energy Administration have jointly issued the Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Green Data Centers, which regulates and guides the future in terms of general requirements, key tasks and safeguard measures. The development of green data centers in China in four years.
This post is expected for data center practitioners.
Green data centers are not new. As early as more than ten years ago in the ancient Internet era, when the size of the computer room became larger and larger, and more and more servers began to be used, everybody found that the power consumption of the computer room also increased rapidly, and the operating costs A large part of this is spent on electricity bills.
But at that time, the digitization of various industries was far less than it is now. The overall size of the data center is still small, and the amount of data is not large. The power consumption of the data center accounts for a small proportion of urban electricity consumption, which has an impact on the environment and industry. Not big.
With the rapid popularization of the mobile Internet, apps such as video, e-commerce, social networking, and travel are gradually integrated into our lives. The amount of data is also rapidly expanding along with the size of the data center.
In the eyes of planners in first-tier cities, data centers, especially large-scale data centers, have changed from “Xiangzu”, which represented advanced productivity, to “trailers” with high energy consumption and heavy assets.
In the past ten years, technical experts in various fields of data centers have tried many methods, such as more efficient power supply systems, more efficient cooling systems, more reasonable planning and airflow, and even new materials that are more convenient for heat dissipation.
These beneficial attempts and innovations gradually matured in practice and were recognized by the industry, eventually achieving large-scale applications.
It can be said that the existing energy-saving technologies can already solve the problem of energy consumption well. The implementation of national policies is an intensifier, which is accelerating the application and popularization of these new technologies.
For data centers, green energy-saving technologies and products will gradually become the "standard configuration", and the focus of the next development will transition to intelligent technology.
Why is the next step in greening data centers smart? From the user's point of view, the reason for choosing intelligent technology is mainly from the following perspectives:
Data center operating expenses mainly include electricity, labor costs, and equipment maintenance. When it is difficult to reduce electricity costs, labor costs have become an urgent problem to be solved.
Operation and maintenance executives usually face such difficulties: on the one hand, the size of the computer room that is still growing rapidly, and on the other hand, the lack of existing manpower. How to effectively improve the operation and maintenance efficiency and make up for the shortage of human resources, intelligentization, as a widely recognized technical means, will make a lot of progress.
For example, robot inspections are used instead of manual inspections, and automatic inventory inspections are used instead of manual inventory inspections.
With the development of the big data industry, information security issues have been more mentioned. But in fact, the data center's asset security and physical security issues cannot be ignored.
Some research institutes have found that 80% of data center failures are caused by human factors, and unfamiliarity with equipment and misuse account for a large proportion.
The data center of the future will be more secure. Combining AR (augmented reality) and VR (virtual reality) technologies, field maintenance personnel can achieve more standardized operations under the guidance of the system; combining ubiquitous sensors and cameras, personnel management will be more convenient; combining U-bit asset management RFID technology, equipment security and real-time monitoring capabilities will be further improved.
From the day the data center was born, server downtime and power outages were the biggest concerns for maintenance staff. Even with the highest-level design architecture, the most advanced products, the most complete protection measures, and the most stringent operating practices, we still hear cases of various accidents every year:
For example, service interruption caused by fiber optic cable digging, equipment damage caused by battery fire, data loss caused by lightning, etc.
At present, more and more AI algorithms and data analysis logic are applied to software and hardware products, which provide operation and maintenance personnel with a series of auxiliary measures including risk pre-judgment, failure early warning, emergency treatment, and root cause analysis.
To a large extent, these intelligent products have helped post-maintenance of data centers become precautions beforehand, and have improved the reliability of business operations.
Nowadays, in the intelligent practice of data centers, some visionary users have met the increasingly complex management requirements of data centers with intelligent monitoring and automated operation and maintenance methods through DCIM solutions, and achieved very good economic benefits. Among them, the implementation of the DCIM solution replaces some traditional and complicated manual operations, which is a cost benefit that users can see.
With the formulation of relevant policies and standards, green data centers have become the consensus of the industry, and the realization of data center energy-saving emission reduction and efficient operation through intelligent technology has also become the consensus of the industry. In order to accelerate the popularization of green intelligent data centers, digital people are working with numerous data center technical experts to accelerate this process. We believe that only through more intelligent technology can we completely solve these problems and achieve more green, efficient and secure data center operations.