Hongmeng breaks down the original no surname and breaks the stubborn beard Goku
For a long time, China's urban planning has often plunged into the blind copying of the West or the old Soviet model, with little innovation. Regional planning has blindly copied the urban circle models of Japan and Europe, and urban design is mostly imitation of Europe and the United States. In the era of the new economy and new technology revolution, what we need is system innovation based on China's reality and future.
"City of the Century: Convergence , Sharing, and Update" proposes a new 15-minute life circle and other urban planning strategies based on China's own reality based on all factors such as economy, technology, culture, and natural resource protection and utilization.
What is a digital city
A digital city is an aggregation of the dot matrix space of the Internet of Information, the Internet of Things, the blockchain, the Internet of Energy, big data, and the physical elements of the city, and serves the digital space of human activity and physical space.
In essence, it is a technical method to maximize the efficiency of resource utilization and economy by superimposing, linking and aggregating point matrix space with urban physical space and human activities. The intangible space of the digital city can also create tangible physical value and wealth, and can maximize and intelligentize the efficiency of economic activities, city operations, ideas and wealth creation. And can realize the quantification of various factors in urban space, and realize the visualization of urban space development prediction. Digital city planning is an important technical measure to achieve the ideal urban physical space planning, improve urban operation efficiency and economic creation efficiency, and create new lifestyles.
In the future, urban physical space and digital space should be mutually connected, and new technology and new economic system planning should be integrated. In the future, the traditional physical consumption space replaced by the dot matrix space can be transformed into a city sharing center by updating and constructing the shared city plan. In addition to focusing on physical space planning, cities should also implement urban point matrix digital space planning and construction. Specific operations can be guided by the government and the state and social capital can participate in the planning and construction.
Digital city and physical city planning integration
When cities implement physical space planning and implement point matrix space digital city planning and construction, they should focus on the following aspects:
Carry out government-led and market-based top-level planning, coordinated construction by the state, society, and individuals to form a unified urban digital matrix space planning standard system.
Aiming at various urban factors such as urban population mobility, employment, transportation, medical care, education, security, industrial development, work, and urban government management, plan and build infrastructure for data information perception and collection and calculation. Design and design a digital matrix space for various types of urban data, that is, a dot matrix space.
Improve various types of digital public service application scenarios, plan and build a comprehensive digital city, and allow the public to experience the digital analog space planning of different factors in the city. It will bring convenience and efficiency to future cities, and predict new digital life and digital economic activity models. Promote the intelligentization of various public service economic activities such as citizen life, work, medical care, education, and culture through digital matrix spatial planning.
Realize the integration of urban physical space planning and digital space point matrix space planning. Urban physical space planning should make full use of the big data in urban digital matrix space planning to realize the accurate grasp of urban spatial variables by planners and make urban spatial planning more Scientific and rational, making the goals of urban spatial planning more compatible with people's living needs.
Urban spatial planning is digitally modeled and computable. The digital model of urban physical space is used to realize the visualization of urban space through digital image virtual technology, which can be preset into many variable elements that make up the city, such as population, economic aggregate, industrial scale, natural resources, human resources, and foreign influences affecting urban development. Elements such as foreign trade, short-term floating population, and various resources. Urban space planning can use computer calculations and digital image technology to simulate real future development scenarios and effectively evaluate planning results.
By planning and constructing the dot matrix space of the city, the data of all aspects of the city can be visualized. With the advent of the digital economy era, the virtual space created by the digital city will enable the functions of the traditional physical city space to achieve more functional superposition and use efficiency. Therefore, city managers and planners should re-evaluate the changes in future urban carrying capacity. With the planning and construction of the point matrix space, changes in urban elements that were difficult to accurately weigh the pros and cons in the past will be computable and visualized. Variables that can be controlled or adjusted in real time to determine the direction of urban space. In order to achieve a balanced, scientific and accurate planning solution for all stakeholders in the future, urban space must be integrated with the urban point matrix space. Therefore, in the future, each city will face the necessity and urgency of planning the construction site matrix space.
Realize the open sharing of data in urban public resources, so that it can be fully utilized by all parties in society to turn into shared resources for value creation.
To quickly complete the construction of urban dot matrix space planning, the publicization of urban big data should be realized. The construction cost of public resource data should be financed by the government, and public resource data should be free to the public to realize the social value and market of data Only economic value can be transformed into more efficient creativity and enhance the efficiency of social wealth creation.
As urban perception systems, big data, digital space models that integrate various elements of the city, and point-matrix spaces are gradually being planned and constructed, most traditional planners' work will gradually be replaced by intelligent and digital technologies, and the work model will also be replaced by Experience-based and knowledge-based working models shift to big data and intelligent computing-led urban planning. Like all industries, severe technical unemployment may inevitably fall on this industry.
But this does not mean that it is a bad thing, it just means that due to the maximization of production efficiency, the completion of wealth and material creation no longer requires a large amount of labor. The new economic system in the era of the digital economy will also provide better solutions, which can resolve technical unemployment or the imbalance of the wealth distribution system that will lead to people being freed from the predicament of profit-seeking, working and creating freely. value.
Digital city infrastructure planning and construction
Basic network planning and construction. Planning and construction of a comprehensive urban information sensing system covering information Internet, Internet of Things, Energy Internet, blockchain, data collection, etc., to achieve dataization of various types of living, economic activities and ecological environmental protection, and to realize urban big data awareness and location awareness , Video awareness, early warning awareness and other sensing network coverage.
Through the overall planning, we will promote the comprehensive deployment of digital smart sensors in urban open spaces and public resources and resources that can be shared, and build urban digital space models to achieve predictable, real-time visual, and perceivable urban digital scenarios. Based on the commonality of the concepts of "urban cloud data center" and "virtual city", we will positively evaluate and quote their micro-infrastructure construction ideas in the areas of medical, cultural, and sports in the shared urban spatial planning system. Make people more directly feel the connection between virtual cities and people's vital interests.
Digital smart city planning. Plan to build a digital public service system for governments, enterprises, and social organizations, and plan to build a digital management platform for urban operations. Through digitalization, the planning and construction of intelligent transportation, police affairs, urban management, and environmental monitoring will make urban life and work traffic smoother, more convenient, society safer, cities smarter, and more livable.
Smart government and market supervision. The government can plan and construct the e-government cloud platform through the resource services provided by market organizations or data centers of telecommunications operators to meet the needs of various departments and government organizations for cloud computing resources. The government website realizes cluster digitalization and intelligence, integrates department websites, government affairs microblogs, WeChat public accounts, and government affairs APPs, launches intelligent robot services, and realizes a network entrance.
Can complete a variety of services. Establish an enterprise and personal credit linkage supervision platform , realize the collaboration and interconnection of administration, business, and other departments of industry and commerce, taxation, quality supervision, food and drug supervision, improve the construction of the Internet + intelligent remote distributed office platform, and plan to promote the widespread application of credit information systems .
Data resource development planning. The planning and construction includes a comprehensive database of social constituent elements such as the basic population database, urban transportation, population mobility, education and medical care, economic activities, basic corporate database, geospatial, natural resources, human resources data, etc. Data sharing and exchange platform, realizing the real-time display, exchange and sharing of data such as traffic flow, population movement, medical information and other texts, pictures, charts, videos, and resource distribution and distribution for urban economic development, people's work and life Provide data services. By establishing an open platform for government data, a comprehensive city data platform, and free public use of the public, it will help third parties in society to develop various applications and promote economic efficiency and create higher economic value.
Planning and construction of intelligent decision-making systems. Based on intelligent sensing system, information Internet, algorithm technology, blockchain technology, database, model library, artificial intelligence technology, etc., build an intelligent decision system to improve the scientificity of decision-making. Promote big data and intelligent sensing systems to implement comprehensive supervision and assessment and data information collection and decision-making systems for different organizations such as national management, corporate operations, and urban management, including government affairs and economics, and build five levels of intelligence including intercontinental, intercity, district-level, community, and neighborhood Data management and decision-making platform, the establishment of citizens' information feedback interaction platform, the establishment of government and people's information interaction platform, and the realization of intelligent and precise management and management of economic organizations at all levels.
Smart education. Promote the integration of intelligent Internet + education industry in sharing centers at all levels , explore the application of artificial intelligence distance teaching technology in the field of education, and gradually realize remote and distributed sharing of educational resources.
Smart medical. In the sharing centers and ecological slow-moving sharing avenues at all levels, the construction of regional health information platforms has been optimized, and basic-level medical and health institutions have basically realized data sharing. Promote the grading diagnosis and treatment of general practitioners, guide patients to be properly shunted and facilitate medical treatment. Strengthen the intelligent supervision of drug circulation, realize timely supervision of the process data of medical institutions' centralized procurement catalog selection, procurement implementation, payment settlement, etc., and can realize a new medical era of patient-led medical system through data opening.
Digital culture. In the sharing centers and ecological slow-moving avenues at all levels, accelerate the construction of non-profit cultural infrastructures such as digital libraries and digital cultural centers, and implement public electronic and VI reading room plans based on shared room activity rooms to provide people with rich and convenient Public digital cultural services.
Smart sports. Establish competitive sports ecosystems such as competitive sports, national fitness, stadiums, sports IP, and intelligent hardware in the parks of the city's shared centers at all levels to meet user needs, and guide market players to provide a wealth of intelligent training equipment and AR / VR technology applications Smart products such as equipment and big data wearable devices promote the integration and development of e-commerce and the sports industry.
Smart community. With sharing centers at all levels as the sharing core and neighborhood ecological slow-moving shared avenues as the sharing belt, we plan to build a community-integrated intelligent service platform that integrates community operation and management, retirement services, community security, smart home, smart commuting, and property services And other business and information systems to strengthen the dynamic collection and digital network management of people, things, and things in the community, and provide comprehensive and convenient intelligent services for the residents of the community.
Author 丨 Bing Liu, Director of Shanghai Fudan Planning and Architectural Design and Research Institute
Source 丨 City of the Century, literature for industry communication and learning, involving copyright issues, please contact to delete